How Can I Homologate New Brakes for the Car?

Perhaps you have ever considered making your car brake better . You do a search on the net and you come face to face with a multitude of options that, without a doubt, would not only look great behind the wheels, but would also provide you with extra security. They are all advantages, right? Yes, if it weren't for all the obstacles that the State puts up when it comes to modifying some of the car's parts and their technical inspections (ITV), that's how it would be. Because the brakes have to be homologated .

In accordance with the Vehicle Reform Manual , all M and N category vehicles that did not originally incorporate the Electronic Stability Control (ESC) , may be refurbished, even if the transformation affects the braking system, without complying with the technical requirements required in the CEPE/ONU Regulations No. 13 or 13H for said system, given that it is not technically possible to incorporate it. If the car incorporates the ESC as standard, it can only be reformed when a reprogramming of the system is possible.

It must be taken into account that the new braking system must be better than or equal to the braking system that was previously installed in the aforementioned vehicle, quite logically. The braking systems that come from other vehicles must be of a later version than the year of registration of the carrying vehicle . But in general terms, yes, you can replace the pads, calipers and discs with scratched, ventilated, perforated ones, etc. Of any tourism. In addition, it is also allowed to change from drum brakes to discs .

What documentation to homologate new brakes?

To approve the installation of new disc brakes we need the following information depending on whether you want to replace the discs, the calipers and/or the hoses :

Brake discs:

  • Brand, reference.
  • Manufacturer documentation.
  • Outside diameter (D) in millimeters.
  • Inside diameter (d) in millimeters.
  • Thickness (e) in millimeters.

These data can be found in the manufacturer's documentation.

Brake calipers:

  • Brand, reference.
  • Number of pistons.
  • Type of operation.
  • maximum pressure exerted.

Drive type and pressure can usually be provided by the vehicle manufacturer.

Brake lines:

  • Brand, reference.
  • material, dia.

For its part, the ITV will require the delivery of:

  • Technical project.
  • Compliance report.
  • Workshop certificate.
  • Certificate of completion of the work.

Finally, it must be said that the best and most successful way to change the braking system would be by contacting a professional . If for any reason you do the installation wrong, you are putting your life at risk, and that of your companions inside and outside the car. The disassembly and assembly of the braking system comes to be the change of discs and pads, as well as the brake calipers, the hoses and, sometimes, the pedal or the brake master cylinder.