Get to Know the Type of Car Engine and How It Works

The type of car engine is a mandatory thing that vehicle owners must know so that their vehicle can get proper maintenance.

The engine has a very vital function so that the car can move on the road, by converting the heat energy in the vehicle into motion energy

The type of engine in the car, be it manual or automatic transmission. has a different character. This will have a different effect on your vehicle.

No need to linger, let's get to know the following types of car engines!

Car Engine Type

In general, there are three types of car engines that have different characteristics, namely:

Machine Not

Have you ever heard of a two stroke car? Now this is a type of car engine that has a working method based on the stroke or stroke of the vehicle. There are two types of stroke engines, namely:

  • Two stroke engine (two stroke): engine that produces more torque. Generally, two-stroke engine vehicles have a high enough pressure. As a result, the kick is faster than with a four-stroke engine.
  • Four stroke engine: characterized by the piston moving up and down in the engine cylinder twice. Generally, four-stroke engines have more speed and engine endurance than two-stroke engines.

External Combustion

The next type is to use the heat from the rest of the combustion to convert water or other liquids into steam. Then, the steam generated from the conversion will be channeled in the form of turbine turning power.

External combustion requires a large engine placement. Usually, this type of engine is applied to classic cars and train engines.

Internal Combustion

This type performs combustion in the engine cylinder. Similar to external combustion, the way to use its energy is by using the high pressure temperature generated from the combustion in the cylinder.

This combustion can produce power to move the pistons used to drive the wheels.

This type of engine requires liquid or gaseous fuels such as gasoline and diesel. Compared to external combustion, this type has a friendlier combustion inside the engine so it is more efficient than external combustion.

This type also does not eat right so it is widely used in the latest cars.

Car Engine Configuration Type

In addition to being distinguished by shape, each car engine also has a variety of configurations. This configuration determines the character and quality of a vehicle. Come on, see the following explanation.


The first type of car engine is the most popular. This machine uses a cylinder or piston placement configuration that is parallel or in line ( straight engine ).

The advantage of the inline type is that it is compact and light so it is good for fuel efficiency.

This type of inline engine has a higher center of gravity design than some other car engine configurations. This has an influence on the stability and handling of the car.

Then the drawback of this type is that it requires a long machine room, especially in the inline-six section.

Examples of inline engine types are inline-four and inline-six such as JZ, RB, B series, 4AG, 4G63 and others. Several European car manufacturers, especially BMW, most often use the inline engine type.


As the name implies, this type of car engine has a V cylinder configuration. This type can produce a fairly high car speed.

This type has the mention of the engine name, namely V-Twin, V6, V8, V10 and V12. The name of the V car engine follows the number of cylinders installed.

The more cylinders, the more space for the combustion of air and gasoline so that more power is produced.

When compared to inline engines, V-engines tend to be more compact and lighter in weight. The V engine also has a different angle between 45 and 60 degrees.

Then, the advantage of the V engine is that it has a better power to weight ratio and is more responsive with greater torque. This V engine configuration is usually found in high-performance cars.

The disadvantage of this type of machine is that it is more expensive. The components are more numerous and more complex, so the treatment requires expert handling.

Flat or Boxer Engine

This type has a unique car engine configuration. If the other engine configuration has the cylinder position facing vertically up and down, the flat type has a horizontal or horizontal position.

In this type of boxer car engine, opposite pistons will move closer to each other, then away from each other.

It's like two boxers hitting each other. Another thing on a flat engine, the pistons are opposite and move hand in hand.

Boxer or flat engines are also known as very smooth engines because the load on the crankshaft is lighter.

Unfortunately, this type has a larger dimension. Maintenance is also more complicated, especially if the engine room size tends to be mediocre.

Rotary Car Engine Type

The rotary type is famous for having a compact, simple shape but is famous for its large power to weight ratio. Compared to other types, rotary car engines have more character.

The way the rotary car engine configuration works is by injecting oil into the rotor housing so that the burning oil will greatly affect exhaust gas emissions.

Oil will continue to decrease and vehicle owners must regularly check and refill car oil regularly.

The character of the rotary engine also has low compression. This leaves some of the fuel unburned which greatly affects fuel efficiency.

W Engine

Type W engine is a type of car engine used by the VW Group. The engine configuration of a modern W engine is like a combination of two V engines attached together.

This type of engine has a compact compact form and can contain a very large number of cylinders. The naming of this car engine is W8, W12, W16 and W18 engine.

Although sophisticated, the W engine has its drawbacks in terms of the complexity of the car engine configuration. Maintenance also requires a very large cost.

How the Car Engine Works

As is known, cars have engine components that can make the vehicle run smoothly.

In general, the main components of a car consist of three main parts, such as the cylinder head, cylinder block, and the timing mechanism.

Then, how does the car engine work? There are four stages in the way a car engine works, namely Intake, Compression, Power and Exhaust. Come on, see the following explanation:


The first stage is called intake, when the piston component will move down, precisely to the cylinder by a type of crankshaft that moves continuously.

As long as the car is moving, a component called the crankshaft will continue to move.

Then, the valve on the engine will also open, allowing air and fuel to enter the cylinder and then mix.


The compression process is when the engine valve is closed and then the piston moves to compress the fuel and air mixture. This makes it more flammable.

When the piston moves to the top of the cylinder, the boost plug will also burn.


This stage is the release of power or energy when the plug burns out. This process produces hot gas which will later turn into energy.

When the plug burns out, hot gases emerge which push the piston to the bottom side. The energy that will be released in this process will be the power to move the crankshaft.


The final way of working is the exhaust process, which is the process of removing the remaining combustion gases into the free air. When the exhaust process occurs, the crankshaft will continue to rotate and the outer valve will open.

Furthermore, the residual combustion gases will be released into the free air through the exhaust pipe.

Tips from Auto Insurance Agencies! Given its very important function, then maintaining a car engine is a must. Well, you can take the following steps so that the machine is always awake and durable:

  • Choose the right car fuel. Make sure you use fuel that is rated for octane by the manufacturer. Octane value is the number of pressures when the fuel before it is burned spontaneously.
  • Check car oil regularly. Make sure you always change the oil in accordance with the provisions of the mileage or when the car finds signs that the oil must be changed.
  • Check the condition of the radiator water which functions to cool the engine temperature. When the radiator lacks water, it can affect the engine.
  • Always check the tires and their pressure, especially if you are traveling long distances.
  • Routinely wash the car at least once a week even in the rainy season.

Don't Forget to Protect Your Vehicle with Insurance

Car insurance is important for vehicle owners. In order to stay financially safe from the cost of repairing a car that is not cheap, you should immediately buy car insurance.

Car insurance will cover the cost of repairing your car from minor, major, or loss damage. Find out the right type of car insurance by filling out the following quiz:

Also calculate the premium range with the following Auto Insurance Agencies Calculator.

If you are looking for the best car insurance, then you can buy it at Auto Insurance Agencies. The advantages of buying car insurance at Auto Insurance Agencies are, there are many policy choices, affordable premiums, there is an additional discount of up to 30%, there is free consultation, and the process is quite easy. Come on, check now!