Get to Know the Function of a Car Battery, Complete and How It Works!
ACCU or battery is the main component of the power source in your vehicle engine. The function of the battery is to store electrical power which will be needed by vehicle components.
Cars and motorcycles need a good battery so that the engine can run. Check out this article to find out the complete function, working, and maintenance of the battery!
Function of the Battery on the Vehicle
In vehicles in general, the battery or also called the battery serves as the main medium for the car's electrical system in the engine. In more detail, the function of the battery is to produce a flow of electrons from the chemical process of the components contained in the battery.
Here are the general battery functions that you need to know:
1. Energy Source
The car battery is a dynamic storage room for electrical energy. The battery or ACCU undergoes an electrochemical process that is reversible (both directions, back and forth) and regenerates with the electrodes used through an electric current. In the end, the emitted electric current will be stored when the engine is off.
The stabilizer function of the car battery can help keep the electrical voltage emitted stable. In addition, a battery stabilizer can help avoid the risk of the battery draining due to unstable electrical changes.
2. Power Supply to Engine starter
Anotherfunction of the battery is as a supplier of energy to the engine starter. The electricity contained in the battery component ( cell connector ) will flow into the starter system.
If the motor or car is difficult to start, then recheck the condition of the battery and the connecting connectors. The function of the motor battery stabilizer plays an important role in maintaining optimal electricity distribution.
The way a car battery works is to supply an electric current to the engine starter. which uses an electric dynamo to turn the flywheel in running an engined vehicle.
3. Power Supply to Ignition System
Furthermore, the function of the car battery is to supply electricity to your vehicle's ignition system. The ignition system on the engine is an important part when the car engine is running. A faulty combustion system will have a direct impact on other engine components.
This is where the use of the battery works. The electrodes emitted in the ignition system will go to the ignition coil which comes out to the platinum section.
Platinum that has been electrified will have magnetic properties at the corners of the primary coil. Furthermore, the platinum will rub against each other and produce spark plugs that help the car move.
4. Supply of Electricity to the Lamp Section
The next function of the battery is to supply electricity to the lights. As is known, lights have an important role in lighting, especially when driving at night. A good car battery will flow electricity perfectly (not dim).
In addition to functioning as lighting when driving at night, turn signal lights can also be a marker or signal when driving. This can prevent accidents caused by collisions with other vehicles.
While the function of the 4 foot relay is to disconnect the electric current contained in the motor with the IG ( Ignition ) contact. This can maximize the use of lamps to work efficiently.
In motorcycles, the 4 beat fi foot relay function on the horn can avoid electrical leakage in the system.
5. Power Supply to the AC Section
AC ( Air Conditioner ) is needed by you as an added comfort when driving. The electric current obtained from the battery helps the AC active to change the hot air outside into cool air inside the vehicle.
Keeping the battery in tip-top condition is essential to maintain driving comfort during hot weather.
6. Power Supply to Other Components
Some of the features found in your car certainly require electricity as its main energy source. Turning on audio and video as well as charging your smartphone requires the role of the battery in it.
If the car battery is worn out or damaged, then it definitely affects other components.
How Does a Car Battery Work?
The way the battery works can be divided into two chemical processes, namely as discharge and recharge.
When the battery contracts and releases current, a chemical process occurs that produces an electric current ( discharge ). Furthermore, the way the car battery works is that the electric current will return through the reverse chemical process to its original state ( recharge ).
The two-way (back and forth) battery working system will occur continuously as long as the battery electrolyte volume is still there. The function of battery water can help maintain the electrolyte (sulfuric acid) in the workings of the car battery.
Sulfuric acid is an electrolyte that the engine needs to operate every day. Even though they look the same, the red and blue battery water functions are very different.
Red battery water contains a strong electrolyte in the form of sulfuric acid. Meanwhile, the blue battery water acts as demineralization (helps the absorption of ions by removing mineral content in the engine).
The way a dry battery works is different from a wet battery. This is because dry batteries use gel as a soak for the battery cells so that the battery water does not easily evaporate on the walls of the machine.
Knowing how the battery in a vehicle works can help you understand the risks that will occur if the battery has worn out or needs to be replaced.
Difference Between Wet and Dry Motorcycle Battery
The automotive market in Indonesia only recognizes two types of motorcycle batteries, namely wet and dry batteries. Here are the differences between wet and dry batteries as a medium for the power source in your car engine:
1. What Is Dry Battery?
Dry batteries generally use a damper on the electrode battery cells. The gel contained in dry batteries has non-volatile properties when the engine is operating. Dry battery durability is relatively long so it can save on car maintenance costs.
Even so, the advantages of long-lasting dry batteries come at a price. You need to pay more for the battery, if you choose a dry battery as the choice of power source for your vehicle.
2. What Is a Wet Battery?
Wet batteries are excellent for the people of Indonesia. In addition to easy maintenance, the cost of wet batteries is cheaper than dry batteries.
The electrolyte fluid contained in the battery serves as a damper for the battery electrode cells.
Several possibilities, such as a wet battery not being able to store electricity, can be caused by the amperage dynamo in the battery is damaged. This is caused by overcharge.
Dead wet batteries can come back to life by refilling the Zuur and demineralized battery water to the limit point.
The advantages of wet and dry batteries can be adjusted to your vehicle maintenance needs and budget. Generally, the age of the battery can reach 5 years or more depending on the duration of use and the type of battery used.
Tips from Auto Insurance Agencies! Do regular checks to see the condition of your car battery. Use the Battery load tester to help you find out the size of the car battery.
If you don't use the car regularly, try to keep the car warm so that the battery doesn't lose its function quickly. Avoid buying fake used batteries that can damage the electrical components of your favorite car.
Hopefully this article can help you understand the function and workings of a battery and know the difference between a wet battery and a dry battery. Furthermore, you can find out in Auto Insurance Agencies's article, the right way to charge a car battery.
Take Advantage of Car Insurance to Cover Repair Costs at the Workshop
Having a car, of course, must be prepared with the various costs that come with it. What usually drains the pocket the most is the cost of repairing the car at the workshop. Therefore, so that your finances are not burdened by the high cost of car service, use the best car insurance that can cover the cost of damage, both small and large.
Find the car insurance that suits your needs through the quiz from Auto Insurance Agencies below. After that, calculate the cost of the insurance premium that you must pay using a calculator that has been adjusted to the rules of the Financial Services Authority.