Gear Function 1 2 3 4 5 on Manual Car
For manual transmission car drivers, especially those who are just learning to drive, it is better to know the functions of the 1 2 3 4 5 gears on the car. In general, almost all cars operating in Indonesia have up to a 5-speed transmission system consisting of 1 2 3 4 5 gears.
However, there are also several car brands in Indonesia that have a manual transmission system up to 8 speed.
For example, the Toyota Sienta and Wuling Cortez which have a manual transmission system of up to 6 speeds and the Porsche 911 which uses a manual transmission system of up to 8 speeds.
The following is the information you need about the function of gear 1 2 3 4 5 on cars with manual transmissions, how to shift gears on manual cars, to some common mistakes that are often made by car drivers with manual transmission systems.
Gear Function on Manual Car
As a basic knowledge that the function of the gear on the simplest manual car is to regulate the speed and performance of the car's thrust. When you want to do maneuvers, you have to know where the gear position on a manual car is right.
Every time you shift your car, the speed and performance of the engine will change at the same time. Simply put, whether the car is traveling at low or high speed, the manual car gear position must be adjusted.
Gear Function 1
Gear position 1 on a manual car is the basic position. When you just start the car engine and drive, it's best to enter 1st gear first. You can use 1st gear when the car is traveling at a speed of 0 km to 20 km per hour. If you are driving on a fairly steep uphill road, you should use gear 1.
Gear Function 2
If you increase your speed when you've just been driving in 1st gear, then you should shift the car from 1 to 2. This 2nd gear is used when you drive at speeds between 15 km to 35 km per hour.
In addition, you can use 2nd gear when doing uphill road terrain with a fairly sloping incline level.
Gear Function 3
Meanwhile, the 3rd gear function is used when you are driving by giving a little boost to the car engine which is quite strong, especially on uneven asphalt road conditions such as bumpy roads. Gear 3 is standard gear with speeds between 30 km to 60 km per hour.
Gear Function 4
Gear 4 is suitable for use on fairly loose road terrain where you want to drive at a fairly high speed. For example, on toll roads with a speed limit of 60 km to 80 km per hour. So, gear 4 is suitable for use when the car is traveling at speeds between 50 km to 80 km per hour.
Gear Function 5
The higher the position of the gear lever, the higher the gear you use when driving, the higher the speed of your car. Gear 5 is the top gear with a car speed of over 80 km per hour.
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Tips When Inserting a Manual Car Gear
After knowing the function of gear 1 2 3 4 5 on a car with a manual transmission, you must understand properly how to change the gear position of a manual car, for example, shifting a car from 3 to 1, how to shift a car gear, shifting the reverse gear on a manual transmission car. and the meaning of the symbol R.
Tip 1 : The position of the gear lever is in the middle and it is very difficult to move it to the right or left then the car is in neutral gear.
Tip 2 : When you want to enter the gear on a manual car, you can do this by sliding the lever to the far left and then pushing it forward.
Tip 3 : When you want to use 2nd gear, you have to enter 1st gear first by holding the transmission lever to the left and then pulling it straight back.
Tip 4 : Shift the car from 2 to 3 by pushing the lever to the center and then sliding it slightly to the right but not stuck, then pushing it forward again.
Tip 5 : Shift the car from 3 to 4 by pulling the gear lever back.
Tip 6 : Shift your car from 4 to 5 by pushing the lever to the center and then shifting it to the right and pushing it forward.
Tip 7 : When changing the reverse gear of the car, you must understand the term or the R symbol on the car. The meaning of R in manual car gear is as the car's reverse gear. How to use it again from a neutral position then push the lever to the right and pull it straight back.
Tip 8 : When driving on extreme road terrain such as steep inclines or descents, shifting the car when the car is traveling with a high engine speed is fine.
the Right Rpm for Manual Car Shifts
The next thing you need to know and understand is how to shift a car with a manual transmission. To shift the car, you also have to understand the right engine speed to shift the transmission.
The right engine speed or RPM for shifting gears is closely related to the gear used and the speed of the car itself.
Car engine speed that is in the number between 3000 to 4000 RPM is usually needed to shift the car from gear 1 to gear 2 and so on.
At this level of engine speed, the car can already move over uphill terrain with the maximum torque position, you only need to adjust the gear settings.
Usually, a car that travels at a speed of 35 km per hour that uses 2nd gear then the engine rotation rate stays at 3500 to 4000 RPM.
Therefore, it is important to always monitor the speedometer and tachometer while driving. The goal is that you know the exact number of engine revolutions that must be maintained at a steady speed without downshifting.
That way, not only will you drive at a stable speed, but you will be more fuel efficient and not lose engine power while the car is moving.
The way for you to drive as optimally and efficiently as possible is to maintain the engine speed that is adjusted to the gear and speed of the car.
For example, if you want to optimize the engine speed between 2000 and 3000 RPM, the transmission that will be used is 3rd gear with a car speed of 40 km per hour.
Common Mistakes in Manual Car Driving
Here are some common mistakes that are often made by beginners in driving a manual car.
1. Often Hang Your Foot on the Clutch Pedal
It is recommended that when driving, you must find the most comfortable position so you can focus on driving. However, that does not mean the habit of hanging your foot on the clutch pedal is justified.
If you don't change these bad habits immediately, you can shorten the life of the clutch because the clutch becomes faster and gets thirsty more easily when you hang your foot on the clutch pedal.
2. Directly Shift the Reverse Gear While the Car Is Still Moving
The next mistake that often happens is when you want to shift the gear backwards but the car is still moving forward. This habit often occurs when the driver will park his car.
This bad habit will have an impact on shortening the life of the car's transmission and create a harsh sound when the manual car is pushed back while the car is still moving forward.
3. Hands Often Rest on the Gear Lever
Hours of holding the steering wheel is quite tiring. Therefore, many drivers put or rest their hands on the gear lever.
It's not too dangerous for the driver and passengers, but you need to know that right under the gear lever there is a mechanical system that can be easily damaged if you keep pressing it.
4. Often Step on the Clutch Half Way
The next most common and most common mistake that many drivers of manual transmission cars make is by stepping on the clutch halfway.
Stepping on the clutch halfway is a fatal mistake because it can damage the clutch easily.
You have to pay attention to the clutch as the link between the transmission and the engine, how to use it, if you always step on it halfway, don't be surprised if your car's clutch gets thirsty quickly.
5. Improper Rpm with Gear Use
Previously it was mentioned that you must know the right RPM to change gears. However, in many cases it is found that the driver uses a high gear when the engine speed is at a low RPM.
If you consistently keep doing this, it's not impossible that engine lugging or a condition where the car has to work extra to move the car will occur.
the Importance of the Best Car Insurance
Once again, the name is still at the stage of learning to drive a manual transmission car, don't be surprised if once in a while your car body is scratched or scratched. Precisely there lies the learning so that you can drive and care for the car properly and correctly.
So that the cost of repairing a scuffed car does not burden you financially, you should have car insurance that can cover the cost of repairing a car.
Car insurance will cover light to heavy car damage, you don't need to worry. There are two types of car insurance, namely All Risk car insurance which provides comprehensive coverage, ranging from mild to severe, such as abrasions, scratches, or lost cars.
Meanwhile, for lower premium prices, you can buy TLO car insurance. TLO car insurance provides coverage for heavy damage of at least 75% and can be used for used car insurance or old cars.
Check the following car insurance premiums.
Tips from Auto Insurance Agencies! Driving a car may seem easy, but there are many things that you must learn, such as understanding the function of the 1 2 3 4 5 gear in a car.
If you learn to use a manual car, the function of this gear is to move the car and push the car at a good speed and make it comfortable.