What is Malignant Mesothelioma?

Fiber or asbestos dust is harmful to health because it contains magnesium silicate hydroxide which is carcinogenic (triggers cancer). If sucked, fiber or asbestos dust will settle in the lungs. Health problems or diseases that arise are determined by the dose of asbestos fibers that enter the body, ranging from symptoms of ARI (upper respiratory tract infection) to chronic diseases that can cause death, such as lung cancer, asbestosis, fibrosis, and Mesothelioma.

How does Asbestos attack the human body?

Chrysotile toxins contained in ASBES base ingredients accumulate accumulatively. Humans who continue to suck ASBES will get cancer that can cause death. Patients (Asbestosis), initially will complain of coughing, experiencing weight loss and shortness of breath when on the move. In fact, if it continues, even at rest can occur shortness of breath, and what is dangerous is continuous shortness of breath. ASBES can result in pleural malignant tumors (Mesothelioma). These tumors are immune to all types of therapy and the prognosis is very bad.

Mesothelioma is an aggressive malignant cancer found around the lining on the outer lines of the lungs, stomach, liver and testicles. Mesothelioma is the most serious cancer of all diseases associated with asbestos exposure, in addition to lung cancer and asbestosis.

What are Risk Factors Malignant Mesothelioma?

A risk factor is something that affects your chance to get a disease such as cancer. different cancers have different risk factors. Some risk factors, such as smoking, can be changed. Others, such as a person's age or family history, cannot be changed.

But having known, or even multiple, risk factors does not mean that you will get this disease. And some people who get this disease may have little or no known risk factors.

Researchers have found several factors that increase a person's risk of malignant mesothelioma.

1. Asbestos

The main risk factor for pleural mesothelioma is asbestos exposure. In fact, most cases of pleural mesothelioma have been associated with asbestos exposure, usually from high levels of exposure at work.

Asbestos is a group of minerals that occur naturally as small fiber bundles. This fiber is found in soil and rocks in many parts of the world.

When asbestos fibers are inhaled, they can enter the lungs. The fibers that live in the lungs can travel to the end of the small airways and enter the pleural lining of the lungs and chest wall. This fiber can then injure pleural cells, and eventually cause mesothelioma. Asbestos fibers can also damage lung cells and cause asbestosis (scar tissue in the lungs) and / or lung cancer.

Peritoneal mesothelioma, which forms in the stomach, can result from coughing and ingesting inhaled asbestos fibers.

Many people are exposed to very low levels of natural asbestos in the outside air in dust that comes from rocks and soil containing asbestos. This is more likely to occur in areas where rocks have higher asbestos content. In some areas, asbestos can be found in water supplies and in the air.

In the past, asbestos was used in many products because of its heat and fire resistance properties. The relationship between asbestos and mesothelioma is now well known, so its use in the United States has dropped dramatically. Most usage stopped a few decades ago, but it is still used in some products.

However, millions of Americans may have been exposed to asbestos. People at risk for exposure to asbestos in the workplace include several miners, factory workers, insulation manufacturers and installers, railway lines and automotive workers, ship builders, gas mask manufacturers, plumbers, and construction workers. Family members of people exposed to asbestos at work can also be affected because workers can bring home asbestos fibers to their clothing.

Asbestos is also used to protect many old houses, as well as commercial and public buildings throughout the country, including several schools. Because these particles are contained in building materials, they cannot be found in large amounts of air. The risk of exposure tends to be very low unless particles somehow escape into the air, such as when building materials start to decay over time, or during renovations or deletions.

The risk of developing mesothelioma is loosely related to how much asbestos a person is exposed to and how long it lasts. People are affected at an early age, for a long time, and at higher levels are more likely to develop this cancer. However, most people are exposed to asbestos, even in large numbers, not getting mesothelioma. Other factors, such as one's genes, can make them more likely to develop mesothelioma if exposed to asbestos.

Mesothelioma associated with asbestos exposure takes a long time to develop. The time between the first exposure to asbestos and the diagnosis of mesothelioma is usually between 20 and 50 years. Unfortunately, the risk of mesothelioma does not decrease over time after exposure to asbestos stops. The risk seems to be a lifetime.

2. zeolite

Zeolites are chemical minerals related to asbestos. An example is erionite, which is common in rocks and soil in parts of Turkey. High levels of mesothelioma in this area are believed to be caused by exposure to this mineral.

3. Radiation

There have been published reports of several mesotheliomas that develop after people who are exposed to high doses of radiation to the chest or abdomen as a treatment for other cancers. Although the risk of mesothelioma is higher in patients who have been treated with radiation, this cancer is still rare in these patients.

There are also reports that link mesothelioma to thorium dioxide (thorotrast) injections. This radioactive material was used by doctors for certain x-ray tests until the 1950s. Thorotrast was found to cause cancer, so it was not used for decades.

4. SV40 virus

Several studies have increased the likelihood that simian virus infection 40 (SV40) can increase the risk of developing mesothelioma. Some injectable polio vaccines given between 1955 and 1963 were contaminated with SV40. As many as 30 million people in the United States may have been affected by this virus.

Several laboratory studies have shown that SV40 infection may cause mesothelioma. For example, infecting several laboratory animals such as hamsters with SV40 causes mesotheliomas to develop. The researchers also saw that SV40 can cause mouse cells to grow on laboratory plates to become cancerous, and that asbestos increases the cancer-causing effects of SV40 in these cells. Other researchers have found SV40 DNA in several human mesothelioma biopsy specimens. But SV40 DNA fragments can also be found in some non-cancerous human tissues.

So far, the biggest study looking at this problem in humans has not found an increased risk for mesothelioma or other cancers between people who received contaminated vaccines as children. But the peak age range for the diagnosis of mesothelioma is 50 to 70 years. Some researchers have shown that this problem might remain unresolved until more than people intentionally exposed to SV40 between 1955 and 1963 reached the age range.

Most experts have concluded that today we still don't know whether SV40 is responsible for some mesotheliomas. this important topic is still being researched.

5. Age

The risk of mesothelioma increases with age. Mesothelioma can occur in young people (even children), but it is very rare in people under the age of 45. About 2 in 3 people with chest mesothelioma 65 or older.

6. Gender

Mesothelioma is far more common in men than in women. This might be because men are more likely to work in jobs with heavy exposure to asbestos.

Mesothelioma is a cancer that forms on the membrane covering several organs of the body. Generally found in the pleura (lungs), peritoneum (stomach), and heart. Mesothelioma is an aggressive type of cancer, although it is rarely found.

Exposure to asbestos dust is often associated with this type of cancer. Asbestos can be in the form of roof boards, minerals, fibers, and various processed asbestos can cause dust which can then be inhaled by humans with air. This happens a lot in industrial, construction, and carpentry environments.

Symptoms of Mesothelioma

Signs of mesothelioma depend on the location where the cancer appears. Mesothelioma in the lungs will be recognized by symptoms such as chest pain, difficulty breathing, chronic cough, fatigue, hoarseness, and difficulty swallowing. Sufferers also often have fever and sweating, especially at night. In addition, usually there will also be a weight loss that can not be explained the cause.

While signs of mesothelioma in the stomach include nausea, pain and enlargement of the abdomen, anemia, hypoglycemia, fever, and diarrhea or constipation. In addition, as in patients with mesothelioma in the chest, sufferers will also lose appetite and experience unexplained weight loss.

Meanwhile, the symptoms of mesothelioma in the heart are arrhythmias or palpitations. In addition, sufferers will also experience chest pain, coughing, difficulty breathing, and fever or sweating especially at night.

Prevention of Mesothelioma

Preventive measures against mesothelioma can be done by avoiding or reducing contact with asbestos. Because, this is the main cause of mesothelioma.

But if the risk of asbestos exposure is unavoidable or if you are among those who have a job with the risk of asbestos exposure, obey the established safety rules. In addition, you should also be aware of safe handling of asbestos.

Mesothelioma is a type of cancer that develops in a layer that covers the outer surface of several organs of the body. This type of cancer is usually associated with asbestos exposure. This cancer is known to affect more people aged 50 years and above and most men. Symptoms of mesothelioma tend to develop gradually from day to day.

These symptoms do not appear for some time or decades after being attacked by asbestos exposure. Mesothelioma is almost always caused by asbestos exposure. Asbestos itself is a group of minerals made from microscopic fibers commonly used in the construction industry.

This small fiber can easily enter the lungs and get trapped there, which can damage the lungs from time to time. Mesothelioma cancer usually develops more than 20 years after being affected by asbestos.