What Is a Bomber? Definition, Meaning and Concept
A bomber is a military aircraft that has been specifically designed and equipped to drop bombs on land and underwater targets. In contrast, a fighter is an aircraft used in air-to-air combat, equipped to attack other aircraft. Historically, bombers were highly specialized aircraft; In the modern era, the distinction between bombers and fighters is often less clear, as aerial combat is much less common than it once was.
Credit for the first aerial bombardment belongs to the Italians, who dropped grenades from aircraft in 1911. In World War I, a variety of aircraft, including airships, were used to drop bombs, and in World War II, the bomber arrived. to be a very important tactical tool, with many militaries having a variety of bombers in their library to choose from, from long-range tactical bombers to close-air support bombers, used to assist troops on the ground. Many World War II bombing raids are quite famous, thanks to the devastation they caused. London, for example, was badly damaged by repeated bombing, courtesy of the Germans, and the city of Dresden was also badly damaged in an extensive firebombing in 1945.
There are several different styles of bombers. A tactical bomber is a bomber that is designed to carry a significant payload to an important and often distant target, such as an ammunition depot or manufacturing facility where objects of military use are produced; Some of these aircraft are capable of carrying nuclear weapons for strategic nuclear strikes. A tactical bomber is used for short-range sorties, dropping bombs at various locations near the bomber's base. Close air support bombers are used to assist ground troops when faced with strong opposition. Dive bombers, now largely obsolete, would dive toward their targets before dropping bombs to ensure greater accuracy.
A bomber's payload varies, and many modern bombers carry a variety of weapons. Thanks to the extremely sophisticated technology used to design bombs today, bombs can be programmed to seek out specific destinations, using GPS tracking and various monitoring devices to lock onto a target. Precision bombing is used to isolate very specific targets, which can be useful in urban settings, where people want to target structures of military importance without harming civilians. Unfortunately, that technology isn't always perfect, and the media has noted some notable bugs with great interest.
Many modern aircraft are fighter-bombers, equipped to drop bombs and attack enemy aircraft, should they encounter them. These aircraft have flight crews that vary widely in size, depending on the age and style of the aircraft, and are supported by extensive ground crews that keep the aircraft functional, control their payloads, fuel them, and perform other tasks.