What Does "Overturn" Mean? Definition, Meaning and Concept
In nautical terms, "capsizing" means that a boat has capsized so much that it has become disabled in the water. A boat can capsize for a variety of reasons, and in some cases a boat can capsize intentionally. Larger vessels will often be completely disabled by this condition, leading to destruction of the vessel. However, smaller vessels can usually be retrieved and restored to an upright position, a practice known as straightening. Small boats and other small watercraft such as kayaks routinely capsize and easily right themselves thereafter.
Kayakers often learn early on how to capsize the boat and then right it quickly. The process of capsizing and then returning to the upright position is sometimes known as a kayak roll or an Eskimo roll; If the kayaker flips the boat so that it is upside down and then straightens it by going back in the same direction as the capsize, this practice is often called a half roll. Smaller boat owners may tip the boat over on purpose to drain the water, as this is often much quicker and easier than draining the water from the boat. Sailing yachts and racing yachts are also susceptible to capsizing, although it is much more difficult to right these boats and damage to pillars and sails is likely.
A complete capsize results in a turtle, or turtle, in which the hull of the boat is facing up and the deck of the boat is facing down into the water. On larger vessels it can be extremely difficult or even impossible to get rid of turtles. The smaller vessels will generally be affected by turtles, but will not be totally incapacitated. Small vessels can usually be straightened with some effort. Even when a ship is tortured, it still floats and can act as a lifeboat for stranded boaters left in the water. This is especially useful in stormy or life-threatening conditions where other rescue boats are not nearby.
Some boats are self correcting, meaning they will return to the upright position after capsizing or before you can turn over. Most modern life rafts right themselves; They must present a solid hull rather than an inflatable one in most cases to be designated as straightened. Such craft can often self-right without any intervention, thus eliminating the need for humans to attempt a corrective maneuver or for other craft to do this work.