This Is the Part of the Car Air Conditioner That You Need to Know
Car air conditioner parts may not be widely known to many people. The known AC parts are usually only the AC compressor and also the freon. Even though there are many more parts of the air conditioner in a set of air conditioners in the car cabin.
The shape is smaller than home air conditioners, making car air conditioners have small parts. All these parts work to provide a cool feeling in the car.
Imagine if one part of the car's air conditioner is damaged. of course it will be very torturous on the way. Especially for the people of Indonesia, where the temperature is warm and humid, the AC in the car is very comfortable.
So as a car owner, it's a good idea to take care of the AC. At least know the AC part, here are also the components of the car air conditioner and their functions. Because when the AC doesn't work, then you understand where the problem lies.
Car Air Conditioner Components and Their Functions
To get to know him better, let's get acquainted with some of the components of a car air conditioner. which are divided into two more parts.
There are components of the AC itself as well as electrical components that are connected to the AC system. Here are some AC components and their functions:
1. Compressor, an Important Part of Car Air Conditioner
The first car air conditioner component is the AC compressor which is also the most important component of its existence. The car AC compressor works by pumping the flow of freon, so that it can circulate to all components of the car's air conditioner.
The car ac compressor also has a function to suppress the freon so that the freon molecules are more tightly packed. So that the freon pressure is greater than the compressor input hose. So that the expansion process can run more perfectly.
2. AC Condenser
Next is the ac condenser which is also one of the components of the car ac and its function is also vital. Car ac condensers are able to transfer heat from the freon to the outside air.
To release this heat, the freon must pass through several cores like a radiator works. Then, on the sidelines of the core there is a cavity that will be able to make the air that passes through it, will carry the hot temperature.
The next car air conditioner component is the Dryer, which, as the name implies, is useful for drying freon from water. Car ac components and their functions are similar to air filters.
Where the inside of the material is silica sand which will be able to bind water from the freon flow, so that the freon dries again.
4. Expansion Valve
Furthermore, there is also an Expansion valve which is one of the components of a car air conditioner and its function is no less important. The expansion valve is responsible for changing the freon, which has a liquid form, into a slightly gaseous form by going through a spraying process.
Expansion valve, a component of car air conditioning which has the main purpose for use in the spraying process on air conditioning components. So that the temperature of the freon can get colder before the freon enters the evaporator.
Go to the next AC component, namely the evaporator which is in charge of receiving freon from the expansion valve. Then in the evaporator, the refrigerant is cooled and then flowed into the cabin space.
The result is a cool, cool breeze from the car air conditioner. Evaporators are also commonly called filters. basically have a working principle that is almost the same as an AC condenser.
6. High Pressure Hose
Its name is rather long, namely the high pressure hose which is also a component of the vehicle's air conditioner and its function is as important as the others.
High pressure hose has the main function as a channel that will drain liquid freon with high pressure.
And as we explained above, generally this hose has a smaller diameter than the low pressure hose.
This is of course to create a pressure difference which will later be used to make the spraying system work.
7. Low Pressure Hose
Next is a low pressure hose which is the opposite of a high pressure hose. Low pressure hose is the same as channeling freon but the size of the hose is smaller, while the high pressure hose is much larger.
And another difference from the low pressure hose is that this AC component does not distribute freon in liquid form but is already in the form of low pressure gas from the evaporator which returns to the compressor.
8. Cooling Fan
The next AC component is the cooling fan. This section is a cooling fan that will cool the AC condenser section. Cooling fan is located at the front of the car radiator.
Cooling fan is a component of car air conditioner and its function begins to appear when the blades rotate and blow. This reduces the heat of the freon as it passes through the condenser.
Different Cooling fan, also different from the blower. The blower is an air conditioner component that functions to blow air through the evaporator. The blower also becomes the ventilator of the car's ventilation system.
10. Pressure Regulating Device
Pressure Regulating Device has a function as a useful tool to control the temperature of the evaporator. Can be done if the refrigerant pressure can also be controlled and flows into the working evaporator to absorb heat.
The accumulator is a complementary component to the vehicle's air conditioning system that has an orifice tube, which acts as a refrigerant pressure reducing device.
This component also has the task of temporarily storing liquid refrigerant that has a low temperature and a mixture of lubricating oil from the evaporator.
Finally, the component that is most often mentioned is freon. Freon is a component of car ac and its function is as a refrigerant. Freon itself is a special gas that has a cold normal temperature.
Even the freon temperature before being cooled can reach 0 degrees Celsius. Freon in car air conditioners is also useful to better withstand heat radiation.
Electrical Components in Car Air Conditioner Parts
As previously explained, in addition to components, there are also electrical components in vehicle air conditioners, namely:
1. Magnetic Clutch
The electrical component of the AC component is the Magnetic Clutch. This component is the most important part of the car ac that contains electricity.
Magnetic Clutch serves to regulate when the compressor can work even though the engine pulley is still rotating.
Of course this is very important for vehicle air conditioners, especially AC compressors, because when the compressor works, the pressure, the freon will be higher. The impact will also be dangerous if you continue to work.
2. Thermostat, Controlling Car Air Conditioning Parts
The next electrical component in the vehicle air conditioner is the thermostat, which has the task of signaling the temperature conditions in the cabin to the compressor in an automatic way.
Then, on the thermostat there is also a sensor that will detect the temperature on the evaporator. Then the thermostat also has an important role because it will be a work regulator for the AC compressor.
3. Pressure Switch
The pressure switch is useful for securing the vehicle's AC working system. This component contains a liquid sensor that will automatically work according to the pressure in the circulating freon gas and engine temperature.
The relay is actually not only in the vehicle's air conditioner, but is a component of the motor.
The relay function on the vehicle air conditioner is of course to supply electric current to the magnetic clutch, blower motor and others to prevent damage to the ignition key.
5. AC Amplifier
Lastly is the AC amplifier, which functions to connect and disconnect electricity from the battery to the Magnetic clutch. Relays usually work automatically.
Protect Car Air Conditioning Parts with Vehicle Insurance
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