Car Lights: Know the Types, Functions, and Differences

As a car owner, you will agree that car lights are one of the important components in four-wheeled vehicles. Of course, the lamp serves as a light for motorists on the road.

More than that, lights for four-wheeled vehicles have now also developed into accessories that can support the appearance of the car.

In fact, there are many types of lights for four-wheeled vehicles available in the market, either as lighting or as accessories.

For example, the halogen lamp which is the type of lamp that is most widely used. There are also High Intensity Discharge (HID) lights, Light Emitting Diodes (LED), and many more.

Each type of lamp also has a different function. Well, to find out more about the types on the market and their functions, here's a further explanation!

Types of Car Lights Based on the Material and Light Intensity

Did you know that there are various variants of lights that can be used or installed in cars? These types of lamps are distinguished based on the material and the intensity of the light they emit. For those of you who are curious, here are the types of lamps:


As discussed a little earlier, halogen is the type of lamp that is most widely used in cars.

These lights are generally installed on the headlamp alias on the front. This lamp is capable of producing power ranging from 35-55 Watts.

For those of you who are curious, the way this lamp works is by operating the filament at high temperatures.

Because this halogen lamp uses a filament like incandescent lamps in general, in operation this filament can produce a brighter light or incandescent.


The next type of car lights, namely HID. This lamp does not use a filament, so it is different from halogen.

The light that exists is produced from the ignition of Xenon gas which is in the tube. Even without a filament, the light produced is brighter than halogen lamps.

The light produced by this type of lamp is also more durable even without the need for high power.

Unfortunately, replacing this type of lamp requires a different amperage. Therefore, the process is a bit complicated because you have to use ballast to balance it.


Most of you must be familiar with LED lights. Yes, this is a type of lamp that is commonly used as a room light.

Two-wheeled vehicles, aka motorcycles, also use these lights as brake lights and on the motorcycle plate. However, lately LED lights are also often used as the main headlights for motorcycles.

LED lights can also be used for cars because they have several advantages, namely less power.

The intensity of the light produced is also brighter and stronger than HID lamps. Because they have better resistance, LED lights also tend to last longer.

Another advantage of LED lights is that they are quite easy to install and do not require ballast to install.

However, you still need to add a relay and conversion kit which is usually a package when buying LED lights.

LED car lights themselves are divided into several types:

  • Limited LED lights are usually used as the main lights because of their high enough power.
  • Cree LED lights are commonly used as additional lights for brakes and turn signal.
  • COB (chip and board) LED light which is an arrangement of a row of chips on one board. Many people use this light as a platform cabin light.

Types of Car Lights by Function

After discussing the types of lamps based on the material and the intensity of the light they emit, let's explore further about the types of lamps according to their function.

In fact, there are many types of car lights according to their function:

1. Twilight Lights (City Lights)

Have you ever heard of this type of lamp? Yes, this is a light that must be lit when the vehicle is running even during the day or when the weather is bright.

Many use LED lights as city lights to make them more efficient. The city lights are on the headlights and will turn on immediately when you press the switch.

2. Tail Lamp (Stop Lamp)

The tail lights are located at the rear of the car and are on a switch with the city lights. The tail light is a red light that is used as a signal that the car will stop.

Just like city lights, many use LED lights for tail lights to give the impression of luxury.

3. near Light (Low Beam)

This lamp serves to illuminate the road in front of the car within a distance of about 5 meters. This light is usually turned on at night, when the streets are busy, and the road conditions are bright.

4. High Beam (High Beam)

Remote lights are lights that are used at night with quiet and dark road conditions.

Unlike the lamp for short distances, the lighting distance of this lamp is about 10 meters. Usually, halogen is the type of lamp used in headlights.

5. Fog Lights (Fog Lamps)

You may have heard the term fog lamp or fog lamp quite often. Yes, these lights are used when traveling in thick fog.

If you are curious about the location, the fog lamps are at the bottom of the bumper and are bright yellow in color.

6. Brake Light

In general, this light is red and is located on the back. This light serves to signal to other drivers that the car will stop. When the brake pedal is stepped on, this light is bright.

7. Turn Signal Lamp

The turn signal becomes a marker when the car is about to turn right or left. This light is required to be yellow as a warning sign.

8. Hazard Lights

This light is usually turned on when the car is in an emergency. Riders can turn on the right and left turn signal simultaneously.

9. Reverse Light

This light is whitish yellow and will light up when the car is reversed. These lights are located at the back of the car.

10. Cabin Lights

This is a lamp that is in the interior of the car. This lamp is used as lighting at night. Cabin lights are usually dim yellow.

the Importance of Car Insurance for Vehicle Protection

After knowing more about lights for four-wheeled vehicles, you should also know the importance of having car insurance.

As we know, car maintenance and repair costs are not small. Of course you are also worried that this can interfere with your finances.

No need to worry anymore, with car insurance you can get financial protection in the form of compensation if there is damage to the car or even loss due to theft.

Well, if you want to know more about what type of car insurance is right for you, you can find out by filling out the following quiz:

For the premium itself. you can find out with the following quiz: