Car Clutch: Types, Functions, and Complete Maintenance Methods
To ensure the performance of the car in good condition, all components must be in good condition, including the clutch.
This car component is one of the supports so that the car can run in a safe and comfortable condition when used.
Given the important role of this component, it is also important for vehicle owners to learn about vehicle clutches so that you can also ensure that they are in good condition and can function properly.
For more details, automotive tips has prepared material on the meaning of a car clutch, its type, function, and how to maintain it. Come on, see the following automotive tips review.
Car Clutch Meaning and Definition
A clutch is a device whose function is to uncouple and couple two axles of a vehicle or other machine that is in operation. The term also refers to the act of clutching : causing one axis, through a certain mechanism, to be part of the movement of another axis.
The best known clutch is that of the automobile . The concept can refer to the system itself, to the action detailed above, or to the pedal that allows the mechanism in question to be actuated.
What the clutch does is transmit the rotation of the car's engine to the gearbox, which in turn transmits it to the wheels . Said work is carried out by friction, and the driver can control its development according to the way in which the pedal is pressed and released.
It can be said that the clutch connects (while the pedal is not pressed) and disconnects (when the pedal is pressed) the engine with the other elements that make the vehicle move. This set is essential for the car to start moving progressively (without jerks or damage to the parts of the transmission system) and to change gears or speeds .
When the driver depresses the clutch, it ultimately separates (disengages) the gearbox from the engine. Thus the gears move freely, without the pressure caused by the rotation of the motor. As the clutch is released, progressively more torque is transmitted.
Know What Is a Car Clutch and Its Components
What is meant by coupling? The car clutch is a component of the equipment that connects the transmission gears and the crankshaft so that the rear wheels of the vehicle can move. The function of the clutch on a car or vehicle is to change the engine speed level according to the rider's wishes.
The type and function of the clutch is also very diverse which is adapted to the design of the car used. Along with the development of the automotive world, the clutch has also begun to be developed with various additional elements that make the performance of four-wheeled vehicles better.
Car Clutch Components
The clutch part for a car consists of several components that work together. There are at least eight components contained in the car clutch lining, including:
A. Clutch Pedal
The clutch pedal is one of the main components of the vehicle clutch. The function of the clutch pedal is to disconnect or connect the clutch.
B. Release Bearing
Release bearing is a component that serves to suppress the clutch cover component.
C. Clutch Cover
Clutch cover is a component that functions to press the clutch disc so that it can channel engine power to the transmission and clutch disc itself.
D. Release Fork
Another clutch component is the release fork. Then, what is the function of the release fork in this clutch system? The release fork is a component that functions to convert hydraulic pressure into mechanical motion.
E. Master Clutch
Master clutch is a component that functions to convert mechanical energy into hydraulic power.
The flywheel is a component that functions to continue the engine rotation and becomes a holder for the clutch cover and clutch disc components.
How Car Clutch Works
The clutch is the link between the crankshaft and the transmission gear. When driving, the clutch has an important role in influencing the engine speed of the vehicle according to the wishes of the driver. Broadly speaking, the main way the clutch works on a vehicle is to disconnect and connect power from the engine to the gear transmission. The way the clutch works is again divided into two conditions, namely:
1. When the Clutch Pedal Is Pressed
The role of the clutch is to connect the rotation of the two shafts, namely the crankshaft and the transmission gear shaft. The most important function is as a successor and engine rotation breaker to the transmission. When you press the clutch pedal, the rotation from the engine to the transmission will be cut off. When there is no rotation, the position of the release fork presses the release bearing. With this emphasis, the vehicle will be able to move.
2. When the Clutch Pedal Is Not Pressed
When the clutch pedal is not pressed, the rotation from the engine to the transmission will be connected. This condition makes the release fork will return to its original position and there is no pressure to the diaphragm spring. In this clutch position, the spring on the clutch cover will be free from the release bearing pressure. Next, the pressure plate on the clutch cover presses and clamps the clutch disc. In this state, the power from the engine to the transmission will remain connected which makes the vehicle unable to move.
Clutch Function in Car
To better understand, this time automotive tips will explain what the function of the clutch is. The clutch is one of the most important components in a vehicle. Therefore, you have to make sure this component is functioning properly. If the clutch has problems, immediately prepare the cost of replacing the car clutch lining for safety while driving. Here are some functions of the car clutch for everything you need to know.
A. Disconnecting and Connecting Engine Power to the Wheels
The function of the first car clutch is to disconnect and connect engine power to the wheels through the transmission.
B. Lifting Engine
The clutch on four-wheeled vehicles plays a role in lifting the engine when the car is moving. This will result in a smoother and smoother car movement.
C. Make Shifting Gears Easy
The clutch also makes the vehicle's performance easier when you shift the car's gear. This car's gearshift will become smoother when the car starts to run or is used.
D. Help Stop the Car Without Turning Off the Engine
With the clutch, you can stop the car without turning off the engine. This is very useful when there is a traffic jam or a red light on a busy highway.
E. Support Vehicle Performance
The clutch supports the performance of the vehicle and engine so that it can work more optimally and optimally.
F. Improve Brake Performance
The last function of the clutch is to improve vehicle brake performance. This is very important, especially when you apply sudden or emergency braking.
Seeing the vital function of the clutch on a vehicle, you have to make sure these components function properly before use. Do not always do maintenance such as cleaning and giving the car clutch oil so it doesn't slip or get stuck while driving.
Types of Car Clutch
Car components that function to disconnect and connect engine power to the wheels through this transmission turn out to have very diverse types. The type of clutch depends on the type of vehicle engine used. In the following, automotive tips will explain the types of clutches for cars that are commonly used.
1. Manual Clutch
Manual clutch is a type of clutch that is used manually, in other words the driver has control over the clutch. The way this manual clutch works makes the driver free to operate the engine and vehicle according to their needs, including adjusting the speed.
Although it looks easy, but to operate a manual car clutch requires good skill and skill. Drivers are also required to always focus while driving to avoid unexpected things. However, the use of a manual clutch that is too long can make the performance and speed of the car decrease.
2. Automatic Clutch
Automatic clutch uses more sophisticated technology when compared to manual clutch. This type of clutch works according to the rotational speed of the crankshaft by disconnecting and connecting the crankshaft to the rear wheel. Automatic car clutches are usually used on automatic car types and are easier to use than manual clutches.
3. Friction Clutch
Friction clutch is a type of clutch with a working system that utilizes the frictional force on the two clutch discs when transferring power. This type of clutch has two parts in friction, namely disc clutch and conical clutch. The clutch disc rubs together with two unique disc-shaped friction midwives. While the cone clutch is a type of friction clutch that works on two fixed cone-shaped disc units. In order for the friction clutch to function properly, make sure to pay attention to the characteristics of the car's clutch lining and replace it immediately.
4. Double Plate Clutch
Double plate clutch has a field with a number of pieces or more than two pieces. This type of clutch is usually more often used for manual cars because the clutch work system on a car is by swiping the components on the engine. Double plate clutch has more plates or components because it still works manually.
5. Single Plate Clutch
In contrast to the dual plate clutch car, the single plate clutch only has one disc. If you ask a car single plate clutch for what? Single plate clutch is more widely used for automatic cars with automatic clutch. This type of clutch has an easier and simpler way of working when compared to a double plate clutch. The function of this type of clutch plate is more practical and effective because it can complement the shortcomings of the double plate clutch.
6. Wet Car Clutch
Wet clutch is a type of clutch that requires cooling because it often experiences friction. To maintain long-lasting performance, wet clutches need lubricant or oil to keep them in good condition when used. This type of clutch is usually more widely used on motors.
7. Dry Car Clutch
Clutch is an important component in a car that affects the speed of the vehicle. A dry clutch is the opposite of a wet clutch so it doesn't require lubricant to cool it down so it doesn't slip. This type of clutch is easier to use when compared to a wet clutch, but still requires maintenance so that it is always in good and prime condition when used.
Correct Car Clutch Settings
In order for the car to drive safely and comfortably, we must set it properly. If set correctly, the transfer of power from the engine to the transmission will be easier. To produce a good clutch setting, there are two settings that you can use. First set the height of the clutch pedal and the second set the clearance on the vehicle pedal.
The pedal is an important component in the automatic clutch. The correct clutch setting really depends on the clutch pedal. Therefore, if you want to adjust the clutch on a four-wheeled vehicle, pay attention to the pedal height and pedal clearance.
How to Care for the Right Car Clutch
In order to maintain maximum performance, it takes good care. With good clutch maintenance, the life of the clutch will also be longer so it is more durable and long lasting. To care for the clutch on the vehicle is actually not difficult. You just need to do the following.
1. Avoid Using Half Clutch While Driving
Clutch is a component that serves to regulate the speed of the vehicle. If you want the clutch to last and function properly, one way to take care of it is to avoid using half the clutch while driving. This habit will make the clutch run out faster and also affect safety while driving. Therefore, avoid this habit and if you are forced to do it then try when the clutch temperature begins to decrease.
2. Don't Force the Car to Hit the Flood
The next way to take care of the right clutch is not to force your favorite four-wheeled vehicle to hit the flood. Water that enters the car engine makes the clutch work system disrupted and can damage it quickly. Therefore, as much as possible avoid crashing into the flood unless your car is equipped with an automatic transmission.
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3. Check the Brake Fluid Volume Periodically
So that the clutch performance remains maximal, don't forget to check the brake fluid volume regularly. Find out where the clutch is on which side of the car. Taking the example of a manual car, the pedal located on the left or left foot is the clutch pedal, while the pedal in the middle functions as the brake, and the pedal on the right is the gas pedal.
After knowing the location of the clutch, check and make sure the oil volume is normal. If the volume is less, immediately do the addition so that the clutch does not slip when used. However, if the volume is excessive, reduce it immediately because it can have a negative effect, namely a failed clutch.
4. Make Adjustments to the Clutch Gap
The clutch usually changes condition if the car is used frequently. This will usually make the clutch gap change. To keep the clutch in a safe position, always make adjustments to the clutch gap if you feel any changes. Adjustment of the clutch gap also serves to make the energy transition from the engine smoother so that the clutch is more comfortable to use. For drivers who are just learning to car clutch, you can simply turn the adjusting nut in the desired direction if you want to adjust the clutch gap.
5. Do Not Leave the Car Unused for a Long Time
A car that has not been used for a long time can actually cause damage to several parts, including the clutch. If you want the clutch to remain comfortable to use, make sure the car is operated more often, even if it's just to get around the complex. Also make sure how to use the car clutch properly so that it is more durable and can function properly.
Also read: Causes of Car Vibration After Clutch Replacement
The Characteristics of the Car Clutch Must Be Replaced
Like other car components, the clutch can also be damaged if it is used too often. If this happens, usually the clutch function will be reduced and can endanger the driver while driving. Therefore, if the clutch shows signs of damage, it is better to replace it immediately. Then, when and how long do you have to replace the car clutch lining? Here are some characteristics of the clutch that must be replaced.
1. The Clutch Must Be Replaced When Engine Acceleration Feels Decreased
One of the characteristics that the clutch should be replaced immediately is if the engine acceleration feels decreased. When the clutch lining runs out, usually the power generated from the rotation of the engine is not channeled properly to the transition. This condition will usually make the engine squeak when the gas pedal is stepped on. If you find a car in this condition, it's a good idea to immediately check and replace the clutch lining.
2. Car Clutch Pedal Looks Higher
Another characteristic if the clutch must be replaced immediately is that the clutch pedal looks higher. You can see this in manual cars where the pedal distance is shorter. In addition to the clutch pedal looks higher, the clutch gear on the car is also thinning so that the pedal will rise suddenly. If you find a car in this condition, immediately go to a repair shop to replace the clutch.
3. There Is a Scorched Smell, a Sign That the Car Clutch Must Be Replaced
The appearance of a charred smell can also be a sign if the clutch on the car needs to be replaced immediately. Worn clutch lining causes friction and burns so that it will emit a charred smell. Clutch pads are usually more flammable when going through a steep incline or descent. The ups and downs of the road conditions make the transmission shift intense so that it creates high friction between the flywheel and the pressure plate which makes it burn. This condition is more common in the clutch on a car with a manual transmission.
4. Car Engine Gets Hot Fast
If the car's engine is heating up faster than usual, this could be an indication that the clutch has a problem. Usually the clutch that runs out makes the car engine heat up faster. The thinning of the canvas makes the clutch surface slippery so that the engine rotation becomes faster. Therefore, if you feel the car engine is heating up faster, check the location of the car clutch and check whether it is still in good condition or not.
5. When Shifting Gears Feels Heavy
The next feature to recognize the clutch on a car that must be replaced can be seen when the gear shift feels heavy. Shifting gears is usually done easily when conditions are normal. However, if the clutch runs out it will make the engine spin without stopping. This makes the transmission difficult to connect so it is more difficult when going to shift gears on manual types of cars.
6. Car Clutch Los
The characteristic of the vehicle clutch that must be replaced is when the clutch loses. Why does the car clutch slip? A broken vehicle clutch can be caused by a damaged clutch master. If the clutch master function does not work properly, this can trigger a loose or broken clutch. In addition, the problem of running out of clutch oil in the tube will also trigger problems with the clutch.
7. Clutch Sounds When Stepped on or Released
Another sign that is important for you to recognize is when the clutch beeps when stepped on or released. Actually, why the car clutch sound? The cause of the clutch sound can be due to the following things.
- Clutch lining that is thin or worn
- Release bearing on the clutch is damaged or worn and dry
- The pressure plate on the clutch is slipping
- The drive mechanism in the clutch is dry due to lack of oil
- Clutch spring is weak
- Uneven flywheel or pressure plate surface
- Tensile motion on the pressure plate is too small
- Another possibility is that the sound could be coming from the gears
8. Mileage of a Car That Has Reached or Exceeded the Limit
The next question is actually how many km should you replace the car clutch lining? In addition to the factors of how to drive a car, the quality of the clutch lining, and how steep the terrain is, you also need to check the kilometer indicator regularly. Based on the calculation of the average durability of a car's clutch pad, it is best to replace the clutch every time the car has reached a distance of 30 thousand km or 50 thousand kilometers.
Cars consist of various components that are interconnected in order to operate properly. One of the most important components to make the car operate properly is this clutch. Clutch serves to disconnect and connect the movement of the wheels and transmission that affect the speed of the vehicle. Seeing the importance of the role of these components, you also need to know where they are located to make it easier to check.
As described above, the type of clutch for vehicles is very diverse. Each type has a different function. Make sure to choose the type of clutch that matches the type of vehicle you are using. With the right selection, its function will be maximized.
Just like other car components, the clutch must also be cared for properly in order to function properly. If there is a problem with the clutch of the vehicle, it can result in an accident while driving. So, do regular maintenance and immediately replace the car clutch lining if it has run out or is thinning so that the car's performance remains optimal.
Car About ClutchThe term clutch refers to the mechanism of a vehicle, which allows joining or separating the axis of the gear change to the movement of the engine.
The clutch is a mechanical element responsible for transmitting the power of a vehicle's engine to its own gearbox. In addition, thanks to this mechanism, it is possible to separate or unite the rotation of the car's engine to the transmission.
The driver of a vehicle controls the power of the car through the clutch, that is, he can increase or decrease said power at the time he requires it.
The main functions of the clutch are two: start the gear and change it. To be able to start a vehicle and for it to start moving, the transmission must be progressive.
When the engine is turned on, it is turning at minimum revolutions, but the vehicle does not move, this is due to the fact that the transmission of the rotation cannot be immediate, since otherwise the car would suffer a strong pull that is very damaging to the parts of the car.
It is for all this that the function of the clutch is essential at the beginning of the march. To use the clutch, the pedal is necessary, which allows the driver to regulate the friction between the clutch disc and the engine flywheel. When the driver steps on the pedal, the clutch separates and when it is progressively released, it gets closer until it begins to rub and therefore the rotation begins to be transmitted.
On the other hand, regarding the function of the clutch to change gears, it serves to decrease or increase the power of the vehicle. In order to carry out this process, the use of the pedal is also necessary. Said pedal has the function of disengaging the gearbox so that its gears can move without pressure.
To be able to carry out the gear change, the clutch is essential, since otherwise it would be almost impossible and also extremely damaging to the car.
How to Drive a Car With a ClutchIf for some reason you still don't know how to drive a manual car, don't worry: you just need to understand the operation of some elements of the vehicle and internalize the procedures necessary to change gear.
How to drive a manual car
1. Familiarize yourself with your car: the clutch and the gear lever
How to drive a manual car? Most drivers in our country are used to this type of vehicle. In fact, when learning to drive a car, this type of vehicle will be the one you will have to drive with ease in order to obtain your driving license.
First of all, you should place elements inside the car that will be completely new to you: the clutch and the gear lever.
If you are driving a rental vehicle, it is possible that in its glove compartment you have a manual to drive a car of the same model, in which you will find all the instructions. However, you will notice that the manual car has three pedals instead of two.
The third is the clutch, always located on the left, a pedal that helps you make gear changes smoother and easier for your car. On the other hand, in the center console of your car you will find the gear lever, with a diagram in the form of a double ax drawn on the top.
2. Let's start at the beginning: how to start a manual car?
Do you know how to learn to drive a manual car? First of all, always keep in mind that, when dealing with a technology that you do not know, it is important to have the advice of a professional. If you are not familiar with the operation of the gearbox, go to a driving school and see how they can help you to receive the corresponding training. In this way, you will avoid dangerous situations at the wheel.
Surely, your training will start right at the beginning: start. Although it may seem obvious, the truth is that preparing to start a vehicle with a manual gearbox requires some procedures that are not necessary when you are going to drive an automatic car:
1. Put on the handbrake
2. Put the gear lever in neutral
3. Put your right foot on the brake
4. Start the vehicle
5. Press the clutch with your left foot
6. Move the lever and place it in 1st gear, always without taking your foot off the brake
7. Release the parking brake
When you're ready to start, lift your right foot off the brake
3. Drive a manual transmission car step by step
Once you are moving and starting to ride, it is important that you know the necessary procedures to change gear correctly.
An incorrect use of the clutch or the gear lever not only affects the stability of your trajectory (and, therefore, your safety on the road), but it will seriously deteriorate your clutch and transmission, and can result in in very expensive visits to the workshop.
To avoid this, follow the steps below. You will soon discover how driving a manual car can be easy:
After starting, with your foot still on the clutch, place your right foot on the throttle and apply a little pressure.
Ease your foot off the clutch, and when you feel the engine pressure begin to drop, you can begin to press on the accelerator. In this way, you will accelerate in first gear.
When the car reaches 3,000 revolutions per minute, take your foot off the accelerator and press the clutch with your left foot.
Move the gear lever and place it in second gear.
Release the clutch and, at the same time, step on the accelerator.
Congratulations! You have just successfully performed your first gear change. If you want to shift to a higher gear, the steps to follow are always the same: reach 3,000 rpm, release the throttle, depress the clutch, change gear and release the clutch at the same time as pressing the accelerator again. Remember that you can only go from one gear to the next or the previous one, without skipping any; that is, you can go from second to third, but not from second to fifth. Use the gears with common sense, adjusting to traffic regulations and the place where you are moving: it is not the same to drive on a roundabout as on a highway.
How to drive a manual car - Driving lesson with clutch advice
How to Tell if Car Clutch Is Going BadIn general, the wear of components such as the shock absorbers or the clutch is so slow that it is practically imperceptible and the driver adapts to the new situation almost unconsciously.
But there are some clues that can indicate a deterioration of the clutch. For example , strange noises may appear that have never occurred , or it may be that it becomes more and more difficult to insert a relation without exerting too much force.
But the most common is that the clutch slips when fully engaged. This is clearly noticeable: the car travels at a low speed and yet it is very revved up; or you step on the throttle and you don't get the same thrust as before.
Therefore, to extend its useful life, it is advisable to follow this series of tips to take good care of the clutch :
1. When shifting, fully press the pedal
It may seem obvious, but many times the route is not fully completed, either due to haste or ignorance. By not fully pressing the pedal, the discs that open or close to let the movement pass are not completely disconnected, maintaining a slight friction between them.
The effect would be similar to what would happen if two sandpaper discs joined in two holes faced each other: just as these would end up wearing out, the clutch ones would suffer a similar fate and it will be time to change it.
For this reason, to avoid those frictions that little by little wear out the various parts, it is advisable to step on it fully so that it is completely disconnected.
2. Release it gently, but firmly
With experience, releasing the clutch is no big deal, but first-timers are faced with one of their worst nightmares here: the risk of stalling the engine.
The procedure is simple. You have to start releasing the clutch until you find the friction point , which is the moment when you feel how the force of the propeller begins to reach the wheels. At that time you also have to speed up . That is, while the left foot releases the clutch pedal, the right foot has to press the accelerator... to the right extent.
If you accelerate a little, the force will not be enough to move the car and it will stall; if it is stepped on too much, the motor will rev higher than necessary and, therefore, one of the discs will rotate more than necessary, coming into contact too quickly with the other disc and causing the sandpaper effect. The latter is known as slipping the clutch.
3. Do not hold or abuse the half clutch
When the clutch-disengage movement is mastered, a world of possibilities opens up, such as being able to hold the weight of the car on a slope just by finding the friction point of the clutch without stalling.
This can be useful when starting off a ramp and especially when parking on a steep street. But it is not advisable to abuse this either, because its consequences, as it cannot be otherwise, lead to premature wear of the discs.
As for the half-clutch, it can be very useful when driving at a particularly low speed: for example, following a pedestrian on a shared street, or in a shopping centre. If it is used in its proper measure , it is not a problem , but an abuse of this technique will lead to premature wear: the clutch discs are slipping , so their useful life can be considerably reduced.
4. Put neutral in the stops
Many times, when the car stops, the first gear is left engaged with the clutch depressed. This is fine to save a little time when starting the march again, but the truth is that it is somewhat detrimental to this component, since when the clutch is depressed, even fully, the system is not 100% disengaged and You are doing unnecessary work. Leaving it in neutral, the clutch plates will be completely separated , so there will be no unwanted wear.
5. Do not put your foot on the clutch when driving
This is one of the main reasons why new clutches do not reach even half of their expected life. And it is that, of all the vices that a driver can have, driving with the left foot on the clutch pedal can be the most damaging to this component.