All Car Engine Oil Things You Need to Know
Not only gasoline, cars also need oil. Sounds trivial, in fact there is a lot of information about engine oil that you need to know.
For those of you who have a car, of course you need to check its condition regularly so that the car is always in top condition and avoids damage. One of the factors that need to be checked regularly is none other than engine oil. Yes, lubricant is one of the important components in a car.
Its function, none other than as a lubricant, cleaner, prevent heat, and prevent rust in the engine. With the presence of oil, the rotation in the engine becomes smooth and does not cause friction between engine particles with one another.
Each type of car has different oil specifications. Therefore, every car user needs to know what oil is suitable for the car engine used. Choosing the wrong engine oil can have a bad effect on the engine and other particles. Then, how to choose a good oil? Here's the explanation!
Tips for Choosing a Good Engine Oil
Know Your Vehicle
The first step that must be done is to identify the engine specifications of the vehicle and the environment in which you will drive. You have to pay attention to starting from temperature, humidity, to dust. In the vehicle manual on the maintenance, service, or specifications section, you will find about engine technology and specifications of the oil that is suitable for the engine so you don't choose the wrong one. Including how many liters of oil are needed. You don't need to worry about the brand, because as long as the specifications are acceptable to the car engine, the engine oil selection can be said to be correct.
Car owners should choose the right oil, because this oil will greatly affect fuel use the long-termOf course, you want your car to be able to withstand traffic jams or long trips.
Pay Attention to the Level of Viscosity
Lubricant viscosity is a measure of the viscosity and ability of the lubricant to flow at a certain temperature. The oil identification code is in the form of the letters SAE, which stands for society of automotive engineers — one of the bodies authorized to determine the function and level of oil viscosity. The number that follows behind it indicates the level of viscosity of the oil, while the letter W behind the initial number stands for winter.
An example of an oil viscosity rating is SAE 10W-40 which means the oil has a viscosity rating of SAE 10 for cold temperature conditions and SAE 40 for hot temperature conditions. Under these conditions, the oil will provide optimal protection even when the engine is started in extreme conditions. Meanwhile, under normal hot conditions, ideally the oil will work in the range of 40-50 viscosity figures according to SAE standards.
Choose Oil with anti Heat Technology Formula with activepolymer
This engine oil is designed to deal with the familiar urban driving conditions of traffic jams, heat and dust. With these two technologies, the oil will coat the internal parts of the engine to reduce friction and free the engine from combustion residue. To be able to keep the engine temperature stable so as to reduce fuel consumption, the engine does not heat up quickly, pull is lighter, the engine sound is smoother, and increases engine durability. Activepolymer itself is able to work actively to lubricate the heaviest working machine parts.
Oil quality can also be seen from the American Petroleum Institute. which is one of the bodies authorized to conduct oil tests and oil quality levels. API codes always start with the letter S for gasoline and C for diesel engines. Examples of API classifications are SA, SE, SJ, SM and so on, where the second letter after S indicates the quality and durability of the oil. The higher the letter behind the letter S, the higher the quality of protection provided by the oil because the closer to the letter Z the quality of the oil is, the better the quality of the oil in coating engine components and more suited to the needs of modern engines.
Choose Synthetic Oil
There are several advantages of synthetic oil compared to mineral oil, including:
- More stable at high temperatures so that the evaporation rate is low.
- Prevents the occurrence of carbon deposits in the engine.
- Makes circulation smoother when turned on in cold weather.
- Lubricates and coats metal better.
- Prevents friction between metals which results in engine damage.
- Resistant to oxidation so it is more durable, economical and efficient.
- Contains better detergent to clean the engine from descaling.
Synthetic oil is considered better than semi-synthetic and mineral oil, because it has various advantages such as being more resistant to oxidation, more evenly lubricated, not volatile and able to work more optimally even though the engine temperature is high. This oil is usually recommended because it is able to perfectly flow the latest technology engines such as turbo superchargers or DOHC which require better lubrication where the gap between metals is more precise.
Impact of Late Changing Engine Oil
In addition to choosing the right oil, there is one more thing that car users need to pay attention to, namely the oil change schedule. Generally, the oil is changed every 10,000 km or at least every three months. This affects the performance and condition of your car engine.
If you are late for an oil change and this happens repeatedly and lasts a long time, the impact is quite serious on the condition of your car, such as:
Overheating is a term in which a car engine experiences an increase in temperature and becomes hot. When the oil is not replaced, the performance of the oil as a car engine cooler will not work optimally. As a result, the car engine will heat up quickly or overheat.
Machine Quality Declining
Oil that is not changed on time will have an impact on engine performance. Lubricants have a function to help maximize engine performance. Oil that is not replaced will become darker and thicker, so that the function of oil as a lubricant for engine components will decrease and result in decreased engine performance. The sound of the engine will also become louder, and the car engine will be difficult to start.
Machine Components Are Damaged
When the oil has not been changed for a long time, automatically car oil that is too thick and dirty will result in damage to the components inside the engine. The engine parts that are affected are the cylinders, pistons, and so on. Oil left in a car's engine for too long can cause the engine to overwork, and potentially cause rust, scratches and, worst of all, burns.
Those are the things about vehicle lubricants that need to be considered. In order for the vehicle to be maintained and avoid severe damage, you should choose the right oil and replace it regularly at the specified time.