What is Utility Trailer? Definition of Utility Trailer, Utility Trailer Meaning and Concept

While the term utility trailer can refer to any number of different types of trailer, in general, it refers to a trailer that is a non-motor vehicle pulled or towed by a motorized vehicle such as a car or truck.

The trailer is wheeled and can be built as a flat bed outdoor trailer or as an enclosed trailer with built-in shelves or special equipment.

This type of trailer is designed to transport some type of equipment, whether for professional or recreational use.


A utility trailer connects to a motorized vehicle through a hitch. There are numerous types of hitch, but the most common is the two-inch (5 cm) ball hitch. Typically, the trailer should be connected to a vehicle with sufficient towing capacity to handle a significant weight load; therefore, it is more common to detect a trailer connected to some form of truck. In the United States, all roadworthy trailers must have functional brake lights and proper license plates.

Utility trailers come in a variety of styles, lengths, widths, and weight capacities. Many recreational sports drivers use utility trailers to transport their motorcycles, boats, or ATVs. These utility trailers are typically single-axle units with two wheels, but larger trailers can come in a two-axle version with four or more wheels to carry more weight and balance the load. Some trailers are enclosed to protect the items being transported from the weather, debris, and theft.

Most utility trailers do not come with an active braking system, instead they speed up and slow down relative to the tow vehicle. However, trailers that exceed a certain weight and length must have a braking system to work in coordination with the tow vehicle. 18-wheel tractor trailers are an example of a trailer with a built-in braking system.

Attaching a utility trailer to your vehicle will affect the stability and handling of the entire vehicle. Because the trailer itself adds additional weight to the vehicle as a whole, in addition to what is being transported, your vehicle's stopping distance will increase significantly. Additionally, your vehicle's handling will be affected by wind, snow, and rain. You will also have to take curves more slowly, to prevent the trailer from swaying too much in either direction, causing the driver to lose control of the vehicle.

Consider these factors before driving your trailer.

Backing up your vehicle will also be a new challenge, as turning a trailer can be difficult and will require some practice.

Be sure to leave extra space around curves and make sure you have clear visibility in your rear view mirrors while towing a trailer.