What is Primary Needs? Definition of Primary Needs, Primary Needs Meaning and Concept

Primary needs are those vital to survive such as: eating, sleeping, drinking water, breathing, protection from cold and heat.


Primary needs are essential for the human being to live. If these needs are not met, it is impossible to continue living.


There are several prominent authors, Maslow and Murray, who have conducted important studies on the subject.


Theories about primary needs


Maslow 's pyramid formulates a hierarchy of human needs. In his theory, he affirms a hierarchy of these human needs and confirms that as the human being satisfies his most basic and vital needs to live, which correspond to the lower part of the pyramid, humans develop continuous needs and desires that are included in the upper parts..


Its creator, Abraham Maslow (1908-1970 USA), was a psychiatrist and psychologist who promoted humanistic psychology, and creator of the theory of self-realization.


Both Maslow's and Murray's theories talk about how human beings frequently have to meet a series of needs to survive and be in optimal physical shape. Biological aspects, and necessary impulses that must be satisfied for a full life.


What are deficit needs?


The so-called primary needs are included in a category called deficit needs. This means that we feel them when we lack some fundamental element for our survival. In addition, they are the only ones whose absence can cause us physical health problems or even death.


The primary or most basic needs are the same in both theories: sleep, food, water, and shelter. But Maslow also added sex, which unlike the rest, not practicing it cannot cause death, but its absence does affect the physical health of the human being.


Maslow considered that the primary needs included hunger, thirst, sleep, and the need for shelter and sex.


Human beings need them to be carried out when something is missing, and they can be satisfied on the spot.


Primary needs according to Murray


According to Murray, one of the most prominent authors on the development of needs,
any need is capable of causing some tension. For this reason, the body tries to reduce this need by satisfying it.


For example, if a person is hungry, they feel fatigued, tense, without energy. So immediately he looks for food with which he can satisfy his hunger.


In addition to primary needs, there are secondary needs, the realization of which increases the satisfaction of the individual. For example, having health insurance or vaccinations.


It is also necessary to mention the tertiary ones that focus more on the achievement of social objectives, and that the human being considers them when he has already satisfied the primary and secondary needs. For example: having a group of friends, generating relationships of affection with the family.