Leadership is essential to lead a team of different people who collaborate to achieve common goals as part of the same project. Leadership is not innate but is perfected through the practice of experience. In turn, each professional personalizes a leadership model based on their own way of being. What are the most frequent styles that can inspire you in the exercise of your functions? In psychology we list what are the types of business leadership.
Types of leadership according to psychology
We define leadership as the ability to manage a group of people and direct their motivations towards a common goal. All individuals have some potential to be leaders. However, there are different types and styles of leadership.
1. Participatory leadership in the company
The leader who adopts this role inspires the team through a style that seeks to constantly improve results through an organizational climate that gives employees a voice.
Create a work environment in which we acquire value. Therefore, it is a methodology that reinforces the integral participation of the team members. This has a constructive impact on the organization that nurtures its potential for evolution with the ideas and points of view of those who occupy different positions within the organization chart. In turn, this possibility also increases the intrinsic motivation of workers who feel that they are part of a space in which their voice is taken into account.
2. Transformational leadership in the company
The transformational leader is the one who motivates the members of a team to become their best version by generating this influence not only through words, but also through example. In this way, the members of a team model the exemplary and admirable behaviors of that mentor. Employees acquire a greater alignment in the level of commitment and involvement with the organizational culture. This type of leadership values the person as the engine of change. When transformation reaches the heart of a team, results improve as well.
3. Types of business leadership: the coach leader
Another of the most prominent profiles in business is that of the coach leader. A person with the ability and creativity to seek a constructive change in the organization involving the actors that are part of that system to contribute to this end, focusing on the gain that this evolution can bring.
Coaching becomes the raw material of this leadership style through active listening skills, mindfulness, powerful questions, rapport, assertive communication, and challenging goal setting. The coach leader observes the distance that separates the current situation from the desired state. The distance that separates both points is connected by a planning.
4. The mentor leader
The own approach of this style of leadership values the experience of the professional who from his role guides others in the learning process by sharing teachings, training and reinforcement. It is a person who offers a process of constant accompaniment to nurture the autonomy and potential of the members of that team with the improvement of abilities, skills, resources and competencies. Co-workers see a mentor leader as a teacher who inspires confidence and closeness in decision-making.
5. Charismatic leadership in the company
This type of leader embodies first-person charisma thanks to their excellent verbal and bodily communication skills. It conveys a message of enthusiasm, motivation and commitment to daily work. This charisma produces a response of admiration in the environment. This admiration is a recognition stimulus for those who are involved in the development of change strategies that represent a competitive advantage for the organization. In turn, from the human and social skills point of view , this recognition of charisma makes collaborators connect emotionally with a leader whom they consider to be close and close.
The charismatic leader is a professional who stands out for his capacity for empathy and sympathy. But, in addition, they are proactive leaders at work who seek to create a new reality through their own influence and that of the team. What is the risk of charismatic leadership? The vision that others have of the leader can change over time based on certain circumstances and work factors. Therefore, this can also condition the recognition of that charisma if employees change their opinion regarding the image they have of that person.
6. Optimistic leadership in the company
When you imagine the ideal of a work environment in which to develop yourself personally, it is likely that you dream not only of the description of characteristics inherent to the job position, but also to the human factor. The company is made up of people. The levels of joy and happiness increase from a constructive and pleasant environment. The optimistic leadership is one who cares for this factor always linking optimism and realism.
The thinking influences emotions and feelings. In turn, the emotional plane is reflected in the action. The optimistic leader is one who has an optimistic vision and believes in the ability to achieve that end through an action plan. How does optimism materialize in the practice of daily work? For example, the leader not only observes each worker in the perspective of their current reality, but also, in the capacity of their growth and evolution. He is aware of the strengths and qualities of the team members. The optimistic leader is a professional who feeds the emotional salary of the workers through the seed of joy.