Applying a four-stage staging method for malignant mesothelioma, stage 2 is considered as the initial stage with mild symptoms that can increase in severity as the disease develops. At this stage, the cancer is still localized, while the spread is nearby and possible involvement of clear lymph nodes.
Stage 2 Mesothelioma by TypeWhen diagnosing a patient with malignant mesothelioma, the expert will work on various image experiments, such as X-rays, MRI scans, and CT scans to identify the location and progress of the disease. The prognosis varies for pleural mesothelioma, peritoneum, pericardial and testes, especially if the cancer is involved at an early stage.
Stage 2 Pleural Mesothelioma
Malignant pleural mesothelioma is the most common type of cancer with three staging methods applied by experts to consider the development of the disease, including the TNM method, the Brigham method, and the Butchart method. The most common TNM method is applied, observing the size and area of the tumor, the number of affected clear lymph nodes and metastasis.
Stage 2 malignant pleural mesothelioma is classified by tumor development in the pleura, but only on one side of the body. Cancer cells may have spread to the lungs and adjacent diaphragms and clear lymph nodes nearby, but there is no distant metastasis.
By the American Cancer Society, stage 2 malignant pleural mesothelioma has a 2-year survival rate of around 38% and a 5-year survival rate of around 10%.
Stage 2 Peritoneal Mesothelioma
With limited cases, peritoneal mesothelioma does not have its own staging method. Mesothelioma experts usually use broad characteristics to classify diseases, although they can also apply the Peritoneal Cancer Index (PCI), which triggers stomach cancer.
The value of PCI tumors according to the number and size in various types of abdominal sites. These points are then added together, and are perfectly applied to decide the stage. Stage 2 peritoneal cancer is classified by points 11-20.
Patients with stage 2 mesothelioma peritoneum generally observe metastases to surrounding organs and tissues, as well as to the clear lymph nodes. This disease is still considered to be localized without the involvement of distant organs. Of the four main types of mesothelioma, peritoneal patients typically experience a better prognosis, especially during the initial stage.
Stage 2 Pericardial Mesothelioma
Pericardial mesothelioma also has no ranking method because of its rarity. The limited number of cases that are commonly diagnosed at a late or posthumous stage. According to staging for other variants, stage 2 pericardial mesothelioma features tumors that have developed in the pericardium and there may be spread nearby, even though there is no distant metastasis.
Due to the aggressive nature of pericardial mesothelioma, this disease can progress rapidly with more severe symptoms even in the previous stages.
Stage 2 Testicular Mesothelioma
Only about 1% of all mesothelioma diagnoses develop in the testes, leaving limited news about the stage of the disease. According to the characteristics of the usual cancerous stage, stage 2 testicular mesothelioma has developed in the tunica vaginalis with its spread nearby, but there is no distant metastasis. Surgery may be aggressive during the initial stages, but testicular mesothelioma does have a high recurrence rate, requiring frequent monitoring.
Symptoms of Mesothelioma Stage 2Symptoms of mesothelioma stage 2 may not be severe but can worsen as the disease progresses. If patients suspect symptoms, even minor, they should immediately contact a doctor. Early detection is the best system for taking a favorable prognosis.
Prognosis for Mesothelioma Stage 2The prognosis for stage 2 mesothelioma patients is more favorable than the next stage because the disease is still localized and often can still be completed with aggressive treatment techniques. Patients typically have a life expectancy of 19 months or less, with about 10% of mesothelioma patients surviving for more than five years. Survival rates have increased in recent years with new diagnostic tools that help with early diagnosis and improved treatment.
Mesothelioma statistics are based on case studies from many patients and can provide doctors and patients with a better understanding of this disease. However, each diagnosis is different, and the prognosis can be influenced by various elements, including the patient's age, sex variety, cancer variety, cell variety and overall health.
Stage 2 Treatment of MesotheliomaThe mesothelioma treatment agenda for stage 2 patients typically consists of a multimodal approach, combining surgery, chemotherapy and radiation. Without distant metastases, treatment is usually aggressive to remove as much cancer as possible, but the patient's health or other risk elements can arrange alternatives.
Surgery: Surgery includes attempts to remove the tumor, such as extrapleural pneumonectomy (EPP) or pleurectomy with decortication (P / D) or peritoneal resection.
Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy is usually given as a neoadjuvant or adjuvant treatment to help kill cancer cells that are not surgically removed. In the early stages of mesothelioma, peritoneal patients may be eligible for surgery combined with washing of heated chemotherapy or HIPEC, which has increased the 5-year survival rate to at least 50%.
Radiation: Radiation can be applied before or after surgery to support the prevention of spread or recurrence of mesothelioma cells.
Stage 2 patients may meet the requirements for arising care and clinical trials. Some patients who have already undergone clinical trials pay attention to the long-life will from treatments such as photodynamic therapy. Palliative care can also accompany standard treatments to help reduce the symptoms of mesothelioma cancer or treat the symptoms that result from surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy.
What is Mesothelioma?Mesothelioma is said to be an aggressive and rare cancer that develops in the lining of the stomach, lungs, or heart. Exposure to asbestos is the only cause of malignant mesothelioma. The life expectancy of an average mesothelioma patient is 12-21 months after diagnosis. Symptoms can include chest pain, shortness of breath, and lay fatigue.
Malignant mesothelioma is a rare and aggressive cancer that develops in the lining of the stomach, heart, lungs, or testicles.
The only to known cause of mesothelioma that is asbestos exposure. Asbestos fibers can be easily digested or inhaled, then become embedded in the lining of organs. Fiber can cause irritation and mutation of mesothelioma cells, which leads to the development of mesothelioma cancer. Research continues to find potential causes and elements of risk that can make individuals more susceptible to the development of mesothelioma, but asbestos is a kinship that apparently accounts for 90% of all cases.
Variety of MesotheliomaThere are four main types of mesothelioma, differing according to tumor location. The most common variation is malignant pleural mesothelioma. Peritoneal mesothelioma, the second most common, is modeled by pericardial mesothelioma and testicular mesothelioma, which is a small percentage of all cases diagnosed.
- Pleural mesothelioma
- Mesothelioma peritoneum
- Pericardial mesothelioma
Symptoms of MesotheliomaSymptoms of mesothelioma can take 10-50 years to occur after initial asbestos exposure. Symptoms of early mesothelioma are often misinterpreted as a less serious disease, which in turn can complicate early detection. When patients recognize symptoms, they should seek medical attention as soon as possible, because early detection is the best method to improve the prognosis of mesothelioma.
The usual symptoms of Mesothelioma
- Chest pain or stomach ache
- Fever and night sweats
- Liquid buildup
- Out of breath
- Weight loss
Diagnosis and Stage of MesotheliomaAfter recognizing the symptoms, the health care provider will carry out various experiments and procedures to determine the diagnosis of mesothelioma. The only method to definitively indicate that the patient has mesothelioma is to pass a biopsy, while other diagnostic tools will help consider the location and staging.
After the diagnosis of mesothelioma is confirmed, the doctor will classify the disease into one of four stages, according to the progress of the disease. Mesothelioma Stadium will decide what treatment agenda is best for the patient, while also giving direction to the prognosis. Ideally, patients will get their diagnosis at stage 1 or 2, giving them as many treatment options as possible. In stages 3 and 4, treatment options are usually more limited because the cancer has spread.
Mesothelioma TreatmentConventional treatments for mesothelioma include surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy. The most common alternative is the multimodal approach, which combines two or more standard treatment alternatives. A large number of patients seek treatment from experienced mesothelioma doctors who are located in cancer centers in all of the United States.
Mesothelioma experts are constantly looking for new systems to utilize multimodal therapy, testing with other experimental treatments. Patients who do not respond to conventional treatments or in the final stages of their diagnosis may be able to try new treatments via clinical trials. Patients can also undergo palliative care at any time during their treatment journey.